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Специальный вопрос



How long have they been learning English?

Разделительный вопрос

They haven’t been learning German for 2 years, have they? – No, they haven’t

Present Perfect употребляется вместо Present Perfect Progressive со следующими глаголами:

to love — любить

to remember — помнить

to like — нравиться

to need — нуждаться

to forget — забывать

to be — быть, находиться

to hate — ненавидеть

to see — видеть

to know — знать

to hear — слышать

to want — хотеть

to understand — понимать

to believe — верить

I have known Peter for 3 years.— Я знаю Питера 3 года.

Задание 1. Переведите на русский язык. Подчеркните предложения в Present Perfect Progressive.

1) Нe has been Talking on the phone for 20 minutes already.-......................................................

2) I have been riding a bicycle since I was 5.— …………………………………………………

3) What have you been doing since Monday? - …………………………………………………

4) Have they been working since 8 a.m.? Yes, they have…………………………………………

5) They've been living in Obninsk for 30 years.-………………………………………………….

6) Since when have you been learning French? ..............................................................................

7) It has been raining since morning.—…………………………………………………………...

Задание 2. Переведите на русский язык. Подчеркните глагольную форму и объясните, почему в этих предло­жениях употреблено время Present Perfect, а не Present Perfect Progressive.

1) Ben has loved Evelin since childhood.—.................................................................................................

2) How long has she been in England? She has been there for a year.—.......................................................... .............................................................................................

3) He's needed her help for many years.—

…………………………………......................................................……………………………

4) We have heard the noise for an hour already.

…………………………………………………......................................................……………

5) I have known Jane for 5 years.-

…………………………………………………......................................................…………….

 

Задание 3. Раскрой скобки, используя Present Perfect or the Present Perfect Continuous:

I. Look! Somebody ____________ (break) the window. 2. I wonder if John ____________ (forget) my number. I ____________ (expect) him to call for the past two hours. 3. You look very upset. What ____________ (happen)? 4. You ____________ (not, finish) that book yet? You ____________ (read) it for more than a week. 5. The meat must be nearly ready. I ____________ (cook) it for nearly an hour. 6. What you____________ (do) for the last two hours? — I ____________ (sit) here working at this problem. 7. I ____________ (lose) my key. Can you help me look for it? 8. You look tired. You________________ (work) hard? 9. My brother is an actor. He____________ (appear) in several films. 10. Hello! I ____________ (clean) the windows. So far I ____________ (clean) five of them and there are two more to do. 11. Sorry! I'm late.— That's all right. I ____________ (not, wait) long.

Задание 4. Употреби перфект настоящего продолжительного:

1. The potatoes ...................................................................... (boil) for twenty minutes. 2. They ................

...................................................... (work) all day long. 3. The boys ..............................................................

........ (play) basketball for some hours already. 4. Bob ...................................................................... (fish) for three hours. 5. Ken ...................................................................... (live) here since 1990. 6. Miss Smith ...................................................................... (teach) English since 1970. 7. I ................................................

...................... (wait) for about an hour. 8. Martin ...................................................................... (study) English for three years. 9. It ...................................................................... (rain) since morning. 10. The gilrs ...................................................................... (argue) for more than an hour.

 

Задание 5. Вместо настоящего перфекта употреби настоящее продолжительного действия:

1. Ben has travelled all over Europe. ............................................................................................................. 2. They have lived in Paris since June. ........................................................................................................... 3. He has spoken for thirty minutes already. ................................................................................................. 4. We have walked for three hours, I’m exhausted. ...................................................................................... 5. The boys have talked for more than an hour. ........................................................................................... 6. He has slept since nine o’clock. ................................................................................................................. 7. They have worked very hard this week. .................................................................................................... 8. It has rained for an hour. ........................................................................................................................... 9. She has taught Spanish for five years. .......................................................................................................

 

Задание 6. Используйте Present Perfect или Present Perfect Continuous:

1. Look! Somebody ____________ (break) the window. 2. I wonder if John ____________ (forget) my number. I ____________ (expert) him to call for the past two hours. 3. You look very upset. What ________ (happen)? 4. You____________ (not, finish) that book yet? You____________ (read) if for more that a week. 5. The meat must be nearly ready. I________ (cook) it for nearly an hour. 6. What you ____________ (do) for the last two hours? – I ________ (sit) here working at this problem. 7. I ________ (lose) my key. Can you help me look for it? 8. You look tired. You________ (work) hard? 9. My brother is an actor. He ________ (appear) in several films. 10. Hello! I ________ (clean) the windows. So far I ________ (clean) five of them and there are two more to do. 11. Sorry! I’m late. – That’s all right. I________ (not, wait) long.

Задание 7. Переведите на английский

1. Целый вечер я печатаю. Я уже напечатал десять страниц. 2. Мы пишем контрольную работу уже 45 минут. Некоторые студенты уже закончили ее. 3. Ты давно ждешь меня? – Нет, я только что пришел. 4. Чем вы занимаетесь сегодня утром? – Сажали деревья в саду. – Сколько деревьев вы посадили? Семь. 5. Я перевожу статью уже два часа, но еще не перевела ее.

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