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How much freedom should children have?

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It is often said that we live in a (a)_______ age, one in which people are allowed to do almost anything they tike. Is this good for children? They are going through their (b)_______, which is a very (c)_______ stage of their development since their final adult characters are beginning to take shape.

Some parents think it is good for children to be allowed to (d)_______, without control or supervision. They say that this enables children's personalities to develop naturally and that they will learn to be responsible by the mistakes they make. However, this might lead to (e)_______, with the children ending up in the courts, or it might simply make children self-centred, without any consideration for others.

Other parents believe in being strict, but taken to extremes this can produce a too (f)_______ atmosphere in the home, with the children being dominated and ruled by their parents. Parents can also be very (g)_______ and try to keep their children dependent on them.

These last two attitudes can encourage (h)_______ (against parents, school, authority) in a child, or, conversely, (i)_______ a child's natural sense of adventure and curiosity. A strict (j)_______ by over-caring parents can make a child so timid and (k)_______ that he or she is unable to express freely his or her emotions and form mature relationships. To bring up children to be normal, well-adjusted human beings requires great wisdom, and perhaps a bit of luck.

IV. Fill in the gaps with the words from your topical vocabulary:

1. ______ children ________ naturally is an effective _____ to upbringing.

2. Only _____ parents who are _____ to their children’s feelings don’t _____ anything on them.

3. _____ children up or _____ the daylight out of them is not acceptable.

4. Parents should take time to _____ their children _____ them manners.

5. We should _____ on a child’s _____ rather than on their ______.

6. Listening to children with _____ works better than ____ them.

7. Sometimes you say something in _____ and end up _____ damage to a child.

8. A way to keep from _____ a child’s confidence is to ____ them to be __________.

9. A way to _____ a child over is to ____ them like ______.

10. Leaving _____ to a child may have _____ and ________ influence on them.

11. If you don’t _____ your anger and _____ your will____ a child, you are _____ to lose.

12. In ______ home ______ parents don’t _____ at their kids, ______ under _____and thus ____ pitfalls.

13. How do you _____ children off when misbehave on _____ and get ____.

14. Has it ever occurred to you that you ______ a child’s self-respect by ___ them out of all ___ and then ____ them. This is when parents are ______.

15. When you ______ your ____ with the kids and give them a ____, all you do is add ________.

V. Complete definitions 1 - 14 with words and expressions from the list below. You will not need all of them.

adolescence adolescent adopt authoritarian bring up dependent divorced extended family family life formative years foster foster child foster family freedom infancy infant juvenile juvenile delinquency nuclear family mature over-protective permissive protective raise rebellious relationship relatives responsible separated single parent single-parent family strict supervision running wild teenager upbringing

1. __________ is the period in smb’s life when they change from being a child to being a young adult. A boy or a girl who is at this stage in their life is called a(n) __________.

2. A(n) __________ is a family that looks after smb else’s child in their own home for a period of time. A child who lives with this family is called a(n) __________. The verb is __________.

3. A(n) __________ is a formal word for a young person, and can also be used as a word for a young person who has committed a crime.

4. A (n) __________ child is one who is mentally strong and able to deal with problems without becoming upset. A child who is badly behaved and refuses to obey his/ her parents, teachers, etc., can be described as __________.

5. Your __________ are those in your life when your character and beliefs are most strongly influenced.

6. If you bring smb else’s child into your family and legally make him/ her your own child, we say that you __________ him/ her.

7. A(n) __________ is a child between the ages of 13 and 19.

8. A(n) __________ is a baby or very young child. This period in a child’s life is called __________.

9. __________ and _________ both mean the same thing: to take care of children while they are growing up.

10. A(n) _________ is a family group that includes grandparents, aunts, uncles, etc. A(n) __________ is a family unit consisting of a mother, father, and their children.

11. A(n)__________ or __________ parent is one who makes their children follow rules and behave in a very “correct” way. The opposite of this is __________.

14. A(n) __________ is a child or another relative to whom you give food, money, and a home. This word can also be an adjective.


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