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Choose the correct word. Translate the sentences into Russian.





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1. Today the term ________ is associated in many peoples’ minds mainly with computers.

a) computer c) data

b) memory d) design

2. However, data (as in “given facts” or measurements) has been used as a term by ______ and scholars for centuries.

a) scientists c) people

b) students d) computers

3. Data as stored in a computer (or on _______ media) is a representation of facts about the world.

a) memory c) device

b) digital d) printed

4. Computer data consists of ______ states, represented numerically as ones or zeroes.

a) files c) binary

b) numeral d) digital

5. A string of ones and ________ in a computer has no inherent meaning.

a) twos c) letters

b) zeroes d) others

Содержание итоговой аттестации

Вопросы для подготовки к дифференцированному зачету:

1. What are the main functional units of a digital comput­er?

2. What types of storage do you know?

3. What is a binary number system?

4. What is storage media?

5. How is storage capacity measured (in what units)?

6. What do you know of electronic memories?

7. What can you say about electromechanical memories?

8. How do you understand the term "access time"?

9. What is RAM / ROM?

10. What storage devices do you know?

11. What is the function of the CPU?

12. What two functional units does the CPU consist of?

13. What components does control unit include?

14. What devices has the arithmetic-logical unit?

15. What is the ALU function?

16. What is the function of CU?

17. What is the heart (brain) of a microprocessor?

18. What is the purpose of input devices?

19. How do you understand the term "input-output environ­ment"?

20. What groups can I/O devices be classified into according to their speed?

21. Name devices used for inputting information.

22. What is touch pad?

23. What is a scanner used for?

24. What types of printers do you know?

25. When did the first personal computer appear?

26. What differs PC from large computer systems?

27. What is a personal computer?

28. What are the main spheres of PC applications?

29. What professions are in great need of computers?

30. What is modem and what is it used for?

31. What is programming?

32. What is a program?

33. What techniques for planning the program logic do you know?

34. What do you understand by pseudocode?

35. What is a code?

36. What is the foundation of any programming language?

37. What programming languages do you know?

38. What is FORTRAN used for? Decode it.

39. What does COBOL serve for? Decode it.

40. What is WWW?

41. What do you know about the history of personal computing?

42. At what ways are computers used at home, or outside work?

43. How do you use your PC?

44. What is the structure of the processor?

45. What types of portable computers do you know?

46. What are general features of operating systems?

47. What is an operation system and what is it purpose?

48. What online services are available in our country?

49. What kind of facilities do online services provide?

50. What is analog transmission?

51. What is digital transmission?

52. What software products do you use?

53. What kinds of software packages do you know?

54. Who creates new software products?

55. What the program is designed to perform a specific function?

 

 

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