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Найдите правильную дефиницию для каждого термина.



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Английский язык

Тестовый материал

Компетенции

универсальные (УК):

готовность участвовать в работе российских и международных исследовательских коллективов по решению научных и научно-образовательных задач (УК-3);

готовность использовать современные методы и технологии научной коммуникации на государственном и иностранном языках (УК-4).

Выберите правильный вариант.

 

1. In recent years, scientific and technological developments ______human life on our planet, as well as our views both of ourselves as individuals in society and of the universe as a whole.

 

a) have drastically changed

b) drastically changed

c) are drastically changing

d) change drastically

 

 

2. Egyptians left no written accounts as to the execution of mummification, so the scientists ______ to examine mummies and establish their own theories.

 

a) had

b) have

c) are having

D) have had

 

3. To cater for the fitness boom of the 80s and provide the up-to-date facilities people want, over 1,500 private health and fitness clubs _____ during the past 15 years.

 

a) were built

b) had been built

C) have been built

d) will be built

 

 

4. Science ________________ from other domains of human culture by its progressive nature: in contrast to art, religion, philosophy, morality, and politics,

A)is often distinguished

b) often distinguishes

c)was often distinguish

d)has often distinguished

c)often distinguished

 

5. Scientific journals communicate and document the results of research carried out in Universities and various other research institutions, serving as an archival record of science.

 

a)are communicated and documented

B)communicate and document

c)communicates and documents

d)have communicate and document

Найдите правильную дефиницию для каждого термина.

 

1) observation a) a formal set of ideas that is intended to explain why smth happens or exists.
2) induction b) the process of using information or finding the answer to the problem.
3) deduction c) a method of discovering general rules and principles from particular facts and examples.
4) analysis d) an idea or explanation of smth that is based on a few known facts but has not yet 29 been proved to be true or correct.
5) synthesis e) the act of watch smth carefully for a period of time, esp. to learn smth.
6) hypothesis f) the detailed study or examination of smth in order to understand more about it.
7) experiment g) the act of combining separate ideas, beliefs, styles; a mixture or combination of them.
8) theory h) a scientific test that is done in order to study what happens and to gain new knowledge  

Правильные ответы: 1) – e); 2) – c); 3) – 8); 4) – b); 5) – g); 6) – d);7) – h); 8) – a)

7. They expected the meeting ______ in a conference hall.

a) to hold

b) holding

C) to be held

d) to be holding

 

8. The consultations are _____ by Professor N.

a)give

b)gives

C)given

d)giving

 

 

9. We were at a conference _______ by the post-graduate students.

 

a)organizes

b)organizing

organize

D)organized

10. Every post-graduate student is expected … a number of scientific papers.

1) writing

To write

3) write

4) to writing

 

 

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