Galileo Galilei lived at a time of Renaissance, an outstanding period in mankind’s history, which at the end of the 16th and the beginning of the 17th century extended to the sphere of the natural sciences. The Renaissance gave the world many courageous fighters for knowledge and new outlook on the world.
Galilei was not only a scientist, professor of physics and mathematics at Pisa University and Padua University, but also a critic of official views in science.
He discovered the basic laws of complex forms of motion. Galilei is famous not only for his establishment of fundamental conceptions of kinematics and dynamics such as speed and acceleration but also for the establishment of general principles of classical mechanics.
Real world fame came to Galileo only in 1610 when he constructed the first telescope in the world. With this instrument he discovered satellites of Jupiter, the phases of Venus and the spots in the Sun. He measured the height of the mountains on the Moon with great accuracy and proved that the Milky Way was not milk split by the Madonna but a gigantic conglomeration of stars.
Galileo followed the great Italian philosopher Giordano Bruno, who died at the hands of the Inquisition, and defended the idea of an infinite Universe with multitude of inhabited worlds.
In 1633, as a sick, 70-year-old man Galilei was interrogated by the Inquisition, found guilty and was sentenced to spend the rest of his life under the surveillance of the Inquisition.
We know Galilei as the founder of the map of the world, a map that is constantly growing and becoming more accurate. We see him as a philosopher who struggled against the dogma of religion, as a real revolutionary in science.
X. Перепишите предложение и составьте к нему 5 вопросов различного типа.
He discovered the basic laws of complex forms of motion.
I. Перепишите следующие предложения и переведите их на русский язык. Определите по грамматическим признакам и запишите, какой частью речи являются слова, оформленные окончанием –s, и какую функцию это окончание выполняет, т. е. служит ли оно:
а) показателем 3-го лица единственного числа глагола в Present Indefinite (Simple);
б) признаком множественного числа имени существительного;
в) показателем притяжательного падежа имени существительного.
1. The book gives much food for thought.
2. That tree has leaves of a bright green colour.
3. The sun’s light is brighter than the moon’s; but the moon’s rays are not so hot as those of the sun.