I. Перепишите сложные существительные, определите в них основное слово; переведите на русский язык.
a steeplejack, a bricklayer, face-lift, formwork, framework, sawdust
II. Образуйте причастие I от следующих глаголов, переведите словосочетания на русский язык
(to pass by) people – passing by people, a girl (to write on the blackboard), the sun (to rise), people (to gather), a (to paint) man, a (to work) crane
III. Употребите возвратные местоимения
1. He wants to build a house … . 2. She washed the flat… . 3. You will finish the work… . 4. Look at … in the mirror. 5. We shall tell her everything … . 6. Help … !
IV. Образуйте от глаголов причастие II, переведите словосочетания на русский язык.
an (to establish) institution – an established institution, a (to dig) soil, a (to paint) house, a (to repair) flat, a (to throw) rubbish, operations (to mechanize)
V. Переведите предложения, обращая внимание на видовременные формы страдательного залога.
1. My question was answered yesterday. 2. Many houses are built in our town every year. 3. This text was translated at the last lesson. 4.They shall be met at the station by a man from the travel bureau. 5. The bridge will be built next summer. 6. A lot of new flats are received by people every year.
VI. Перепишите предложения, обратите внимание на придаточные предложения; переведите их на русский язык.
1. If Tom saw a car crash, he would telephone the police and help the people in the cars. 2. My parents would have enjoyed the play, if they had had good seats. 3. If it rains tomorrow, our game will be cancelled. 4. If he had known it was going to rain, he would have taken his umbrella. 5. If only I had more pocket money, I could buy some new English books. 6. If you are not sure what to say, you will have to guess.
VII. Прочитайте текст, переведите его письменно и ответьте на вопросы после текста.
The function of a crane is to hoist or lower a load suspended from its jib. Various types of cranes are used, the type and size depends on the following factors: the nature of the work, on which it is to operate; the weight of load it has to handle.
Mobile cranes have a wide range of uses on building and civil engineering works of construction. Cranes of this type usually take the form of a frame carrying a jib, a winch, and other necessary hoisting and controlling equipment. The whole being mounted on a cast-iron bedplate fitted with road wheels of the pneumatic type. One may also have them mounted on caterpillar tracks or on a lorry chassis if desired.
Rope-operated mobile cranes are being superseded by hydraulically operated ones, in which all working operations, but traveling, are performed with the help of hydraulic rams. The jib of the mobile crane can be of the solid or latticed type, the latter being preferred now because of its lower weight.