1. The statement above is, of course, not literally true. However, it does reflect a certain lack of enthusiasm for work in general. At the upper end of the social scale this attitude to work exists because leisure has always been the main outward sign of aristocracy. And because of Britain’s class system, it has had its effects throughout society. If you have to work, then the less it looks like work the better. Traditionally therefore, a major sign of being middle class (as opposed to working class) has been that you do non-manual work. The fact that skilled manual (or ‘blue-collar’) workers have been paid more highly than the lower grades of ‘white-collar’ (i.e. non-manual) worker for several decades has only slightly changed this social perception. This ‘anti-work’ outlook among the working class has led to a relative lack of ambition or enthusiasm and a belief that high earnings are more important than job satisfaction.
2. These attitudes are slowly changing. For example, al least half of the workforce now does non-manual work, and yet a majority describe themselves as working class. It would therefore seem that the connection between being middle class and doing non-manual work is growing weaker. Nevertheless, the connection between class distinctions and types of types of work lives on in a number of ways. One illustration of this is the different way in which earnings.
I. Перепишите и письменно переведите предложения на русский язык. Вставьте нужный артикль: a) a; b) an; c) the; d) -.
1. … majority of … personal investors have rather small stock portfolios.
2. … apples are sold by … pound. These are forty pence … pound.
3. I don’t know what … price … owners are asking.
4. She’d been to … Oxford and she’d taken her degree in … economics.
II. Перепишите и письменно переведите предложения на русский язык. Заполните пропуски неопределенными местоимениями или их производными: a) some; b) any; c) no; d) их производные.
1. … people go to the bank in search of a safe place to keep their money.
2. They understood each other without … words.
3. But in any case, what can … do?
4. … one knows who started the world’s first bank.
III. Перепишите и письменно переведите предложения на русский язык. Заполните пропуски следующими словами: a) much; b) many;
c) (a) little; d) (a) few.
1. Very … financial institutions nowadays keep off technical innovations in the banking industry.
2. Last week there was so … rain that I was not able to go out.
3. He was in good shape, but perhaps should take thinks … easier.
4. This lemon drink is sour; if you put … lumps of sugar in it, it will be sweeter.