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Organizational Structure





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Gazprom Neft was created under the name Sibneft (Russian: Сибнефть) in 1995 by presidential decree. Sibneft initially combined Russia's largest oil refining complex in Omsk, an oil and gas production enterprise based in the city of Noyabrsk in the Yamal-Nenets autonomous district (Noyabrskneftegas), a geological exploration enterprise and an oil products distribution network.

In 1996-1997 Sibneft was privatised through a series of Loans-for-Shares' auctions, and it was acquired by Roman Abramovich and Boris Berezovsky for US$ 100 million, bidding in the through several front companies that they set up for the purpose. These transactions, widely denounced as unethical or illegal, were approved by Boris Yeltsin who had good relations with Berezovsky and Abramovich at that time. According to General Alexander Korzhakov, former chief of Yeltsin's security service, Abramovich managed finances for Yeltsin and his family.

Sibneft twice attempted a merger with Yukos, to form Russia's largest oil company YukosSibneft. The first attempt in 1998 failed due to a dispute over management. The process was well under way the second time in 2003 when the Federal government cracked down on Yukos, and Sibneft's shareholders called off the merger in November of that year.

In September 2005 Russia's largest corporate takeover occurred when Gazprom bought 72.663% of Sibneft's shares for US$ 13.01 billion. Later Sibneft was renamed Gazprom Neft.

 

Text 4

YUKOS

Ex.1 Read and translate the text.

flee – бежать

bloodshed – кровопролитие

multiple counts – множественный иск

vehement – яростный, бешеный

self-imposed – возложенный на самого себя

charges – издержки , расходы

entity – юридическое лицо

holding – владение

aftermath - последствия

 

Yukos Oil Company was a petroleum company in Russia which, until recently, was controlled by Russian billionaire Mikhail Khodorkovsky and a number of prominent Russian businessmen. Khodorkovsky was imprisoned and sent to Siberia, and others fled Russia. Its headquarters were located in Moscow. On August 1, 2006, a Russian court declared Yukos bankrupt.

Yukos was one of the world's largest non-state oil companies, producing 20% of Russian oil—about 2% of world production. Its assets were acquired in controversial circumstances from the Russian Government during the privatization process of the early 1990s. The initial period of "oligarchic privatization" was characterized by bloodshed, and Yukos was certainly no exception. Alexei Pichugin, the former Security Chief of Yukos, has been convicted on multiple counts of murder and attempted murder, and is now under investigation along with Yukos partner Nevzlin for the shooting death of Vladimir Petukhov, the mayor of the Yugansk oil province and a vehement opponent of Yukos, on Khodorkovsky's birthday in 1998. Lawyers for Pichugin and Nevzlin, who lives in self-imposed exile in Israel, say that both the charges and the new investigation are politically motivated.

The company was created on April 15, 1993. Its Russian abbreviation ЮКОС comes from the names of the main entities that initially comprised the company: Юганскнефтегаз (Yuganskneftegaz: Nefteyugansk + petroleum + gas) and КуйбышевнефтеОргСинтез (Kuybyshevnefteorgsintez: Kuybyshev + petroleum + organical synthesis).

Initially Yukos was created by the decree #354 of the Russian government comprised of the following enterprises: a Western Siberian oil extraction enterprise Yuganskneftegaz and oil refineries in Samara Oblast: Novokuybyshev NPZ, Kuybyshev NPZ and Syzran NPZ (NPZ stands for NeftePererabatyvayushchy Zavod, literally "petroleum processing plant").

In 1995, by the decree #864 of the Russian government, Samaraneftegaz joined Yukos.

The main stockholders own the company via the offshore holding company Menatep.

In April 2003, Yukos agreed to a merger with Sibneft, but the merger was soon undone in the aftermath of the arrest of Yukos CEO Khodorkovsky in October, 2003.

Text 5

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