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Borobudur Temple





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Borobudur Temple - one of the largest Buddhist monuments in the world. Borobudur is located on the island of Java in Indonesia, built between 750 and 850 years.

Borobudur is built as a huge stupa, which is made in the shape of a giant mandala. Fundam the stupa square with a side of 118 m At the stupa there are eight tiers, five lower - square, and the top three - round. This mandala expresses the scheme of the universe according to Buddhist ideas. Located on the top tier of 72 small stupas around the large central stupa. Each stupa in the shape of a bell with a lot of jewelry. Placed inside the stupa of the Buddha statues.

Discovered a temple in 1814. during the English occupation of the island. Expedition was organized, in which a detachment of 200 men for a month and a half cleared monument. Later works were carried out by other researchers. From 1835 the upper part of the monument has been completely cleared and the whole complex was well overlook.

Monument plundered, reliefs, sculptures, ornaments traders took away souvenirs. The King of Siam, who visited in 1886 by the governor, took with him eight bull harnesses with statues and ornamental elements of sculpture and took sole surviving keeper of the temple.

As a result, strongly affected by the looting and destruction of sewage, in the period from 1973-1984 the church was rebuilt with the assistance of UNESCO. Was completely dismantling facilities, fortified hill and built a special irrigation system.

Until now, Borobudur is a place of pilgrimage and of prayers. The pilgrims go seven times around each tier clockwise. According to researchers, the construction can be seen as a great book for the pilgrims.

Upon completion of the ritual bypass each tier pilgrims acquainted with the life of Buddha and his teachings with the elements. A touch on each of the Buddha stupas on the top tier, through the recesses in a mortar, according to popular belief, brings happiness.

 

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