Мои Конспекты
Главная | Обратная связь

...

Автомобили
Астрономия
Биология
География
Дом и сад
Другие языки
Другое
Информатика
История
Культура
Литература
Логика
Математика
Медицина
Металлургия
Механика
Образование
Охрана труда
Педагогика
Политика
Право
Психология
Религия
Риторика
Социология
Спорт
Строительство
Технология
Туризм
Физика
Философия
Финансы
Химия
Черчение
Экология
Экономика
Электроника

Task 13. Speak on your future profession





Помощь в ✍️ написании работы
Поможем с курсовой, контрольной, дипломной, рефератом, отчетом по практике, научно-исследовательской и любой другой работой

The Investigator /Investigator bodies

In accordance with Ukrainian Legislation, all criminal cases pass through the stade of preliminary investigation before they are brought into the court. The activities of the investigation bodies are strictly regulated by the Law. The criminal procedure code states which organ of investigation may investigate this or that case, what procedure should be applied what rights and duties this organ possesses and what methods of collecting and investigating evidence it may use. The activity of the organ of investigation is of a preliminary nature. Their task is to prepare the case for court hearing and to facilitate the court collection and investigation of evidence. While discharging his duties, the investigator has the rights to detain a person suspected of a crime, to question citizens and officials as witnesses to the crime, to make requisite search and inspections, order expert investigation and resort to other actions provided for by the criminal procedure Law.

The Procurator’s Office of Ukraine, the Ministry of the Interior of Ukraine and Security Service of Ukraine have their own investigation departments. They differ from one onother chiefly in the scope of their competence. Their competence is defined in the Criminal Procedure Code. Briefly, it may be summed up as follows:

1) Investigators from the Procurators Office have the right to investigate any case, but in actual fact they carry out inquiries into the gravest crimes (murder, banditry, etc) and also into cases of malfeasance and juvenile delinquency;

2) Investigators from the Ministry of the Interior have the right to institute procudings against persons who have committed any crime, but in cases that come within the competence of the investigators of the procurator’s office;

3) Investigators from the Security Service are charged with investigating cases of espionage and other especially dangerous crimes against the state.

Thus, the preliminary investigation is oriented at detecting crime, at disclosing and exposing person guilty of them, at ascertaining all the prevention measures.

The investigators job is to prepare the materials of the case in hand for its adjudication in court. For this reason law says that the preliminary investigation has as its purpose the speedy and complete disclosure of crime, the exposure of the guilty so that every person who commits a crime shall be charged or punished. In other words, the preliminary investigation is called upon to facilitate the objective and comprehensive administration of justice.

Task 13. Answer the following questions:

1. What stage do the criminal cases pass through before they are heard in court?

2. What bodies have investigation departments?

3. What are the actions of the investigation bodies regulated by?

4. What cases do the investigators from the Procurators Office investigate?

5. What grave crimes do you know?

6. What actions do the investigators from the Ministry of the Interior do in cases of grave crime?

7. What cases do the investigators of the militia bodies usually hold inquiries into?

8. What crimes do you consider not very dangerous?

9. By whom are especially dangerous crimes against the state investigated?

10. What is the main task of an investigator?

11. What actions may the investigator undertake while holding an inquiry of a case?

12. What is the preliminary investigation called upon?

13. Does the investigator himself transfer the case and the indictment to the court? Who does it?

14. What does the investigator do if he suspects a person of a crime?

15. Would you like to become an investigator?

 

Dialogue

Yuri Petrenko got an appointment to the Procurator’s Office of his native town. He rang up Victor, his former school – mate who was a student at the Medical Institute and told him about his appointment. In the evening the two friends met and had a talk about Yuris future work. Here is some of the conversation that took place this evening.

Victor : So you will work at. Procurator’s Office of our district. What will you do there?

Yuri: I’ll work as an investigator.

V: I’ve always been sure that investigators belong to the militia.

Y: You see, Victor, both the Procurator’s Office and the militia have their own investigation departments.

V: Is there any difference in their work?

Y: The main task of all the investigators is to detect crimes and to expose persons guilty of them. But the investigator from the Procurators Office usually carry out inguiries into the gravest crime.

V: What crime do you call ,,the gravest,,?

Y: There are such crime as murder, embezzlement on a large scale, banditry, rape, etc.

V: And if, let’s say a murder has been committed, the militia hasn’t the right to investigate it, has it?

Y: It has. The investigators from the militia have the right to investigate any criminal case. But in cases of grave crimes they usually only perform urgent actions and them transfer the case to the investigators of the Procurators Office.

V: I see. And do the investigators from the Procurators Office also investigate such grave crimes as let’s say espionage?

Y: They don’t. Especially dangerous crimes against the state are investigated by the investigators of the Security Service of Ukraine.

V: And what crimes does the militia investigate?

Y: The investigators from the militia usually hold inquiries into less dangerous crimes, such as theft, burglary, bribery, swindle, etc.

V: The work of an investigator is very responsible, isn’t it?

Y: It is. He is to conduct the investigation in such a way that every person guilty of a crime shall suffer a just punishment and no innocent person shall be charged.

V: What does the investigator do after completing the investigation of a case?

Y: He submits it to the procurator. If the procurator agrees with the indictment, he approves it and transfers the case to the court. The preliminary investigation is called upon to facilitate the objective and comprehensive administration of justice.

 

Investigation Investigation bodies to conduct /carry out, exercise/ an investigation preliminary investigation to investigate /a case/ investigator inquiry to hold /carry out/ an inquiry   to question   to interrogate interrogation in accordance with legislation   crime to commit a crime to detect a crime to be guilty /of a crime/ especially /most/ dangerous crime grave crime criminal   criminal procedure code   evidence murder embezzlement rape banditry malfeasance juvenile delinquency theft; (юрид.) larceny to commit a theft /larceny/ burglary thief to steal /stole-stolen/ bride to bride smb. to take brides bride taker bribery militia bodies procurator procurators office Ministry of the Interior to empower to discharge one’s duties to detain to suspect of a crime search to make /conduct/ a search expert examination /investigation/ to institute proceedings against espionage disclose /expose/ disclosure /exposure/ to ascertain the circumstance crime preventing measures adjudication in court innocent charge to charge to punish punishment to suffer a just punishment to be called upon to facilitate the administration of justice -слідство, розслідування - слідчі органи   - вести слідство - попереднє слідство - розслідувати (справу) - слідчий - розслідування; дізнання - проводити розслідування; дізнання - допитувати; опитувати; задавати питання - допитувати - допит - у відповідності з законодавством - злочин - скоїти злочин - розкрити злочин - бути винним /в злочині/ - особливо небезпечний злочин   - тяжкий злочин - 1. злочинець, 2.злочинний, кримінальний - кримінально-процесуальний кодекс - доказ - вбивство - привласнення майна, розтрата - згвавтування - бандитизм - посадовий злочин - злочинність неповнолітніх - крадіжка - скоїти крадіжку - крадіжка зі зломом - крадій - красти - хабар - дати кому-небудь хабар - брати хабарі - хабарник - хабарництво - органи міліції - прокурор - прокуратура - Міністерство внутрішніх справ - уповноважити - виконувати свої обов’язки - затримувати, взяти під охорону - підозрювати у злочині - обшук, розшук - здійснювати обшук - експертиза   - порушувати справу проти - шпигунство - розкривати, викривати - розкриття, викриття - з'ясовувати обставини - заходи запобігання злочинів - винесення судового рішення - невинний - звинувачення - звинувачувати - карати - покарання - понести справедливе покарання - бути покликаним - сприяти здійненню правосуддю

Task 14. Give English equivalents of the following words and word combinations:

Попереднє слідство; у відповідності до законодавства; скоїти злочин; проводити розслідування злочину; слідчий відділ прокуратури; слухати справу у судді; кримінальна справа; тяжкий злочин; розкрити злочин; невинна людина; робити обшук; особливо небезпечний злочин; засоби попередження злочину; затримання злочинця; сприяти правосуддю; справедливе покарання; шпигунство; Міністерство внутрішніх справ; допросити свідка; крадіжка; докази; дати кому-небудь хабар; покарати злочинця; порушити проти когось кримінальну справу; крадіжка зі зломом; проводити експертизу; органи міліції; хабар; вбивство; понести покарання; викрити злочинця; бути винним у злочині; хабарник; підозрювати у злочині; передавати справу; починати терміново дії; шахрайство; кримінально-процесуальний кодекс; затвердити обвинувачення.

 

Task 15. Give Ukrainian equivalents of the following words and word combinations:

To conduct an investigation; in accordance with; to commit a crime; rape; to discharge ones duties; to ascertain the circumstances; to facilitate the administration of justice; investigation bodies; to detect a crime; banditry; to detain a criminal; crime preventing; dangerous crime; to carry out an inquiry into a crime; especially to make a search; an innocent man; preliminary militia bodies; to charge a person with a crime; to investigate a criminal case; to conduct an expert examination; to institute criminal proceedings against snub; criminal procedure code; to punish a criminal, evidence; Ministry of the Interior; espionage; a just punishment; murder; state security; to expose a criminal; to suffer a punishment; to empower somebody; to be called upon; to be guilty of a crime; to perform urgent actions; to transfer a case; to disclose a criminal; to undertake actions; to suspect somebody of a crime; to submit a case to ..; indictment; malfeasance; to interrogate a witness; to commit a larceny; to hold an inquiry into a burglary; to detain a thief; to institute proceedings against a swindler; to suffer speculators flat.

 

Task 16. Finish the following disjunctive questions:

1) All criminal cases pass through the stade of preliminary investigation before they are heard in court,…?

2) Both the Procurators Office and Ministry of the Interior have their own investigation departments,…?

3) His task is to detect the crime and to expose persons guilty of it,…?

4) This grave crime will be investigated by the Procurators Office,…?

5) Rape is one of the gravest crimes,…?

6) The crime has been detected,…?

7) The case is to be transferred to the Procurators Office,…?

8) He isn’t suspected of murder,…?

9) He will suffer a just punishment,…?

10) He ordered an expert examination,…?

11) The preliminary investigation has not yet been completed,…?

12) She is innocent,…?

13) She was questioned as witness to the crime,…?

14) This action is not provided for by the criminal procedure law,…?

15) Your main task is to prepare the case for court hearing,…?

16) The investigator has instituted criminal proceedings against him,..?

17) There wasn’t enough evidence to prove him guilty of the crime,…?

18) We are called upon to facilitate the objective and comprehensive administration of justice,..?

19) The procurator will agree with the indictment,..?

Доверь свою работу ✍️ кандидату наук!
Поможем с курсовой, контрольной, дипломной, рефератом, отчетом по практике, научно-исследовательской и любой другой работой



Поиск по сайту:







©2015-2020 mykonspekts.ru Все права принадлежат авторам размещенных материалов.