Solicitors in general practice serve the local community, solving the legal problems of the public. They are not, however, tied to any particular court: a solicitor can act throughout England and Wales.
The formalities involved in real property transfer and succession form a significant share of work of solicitors in general practice. Solicitors also pursue claims arising from personal injures, or may be called upon to advise or plead in court on their client’s behalf in criminal cases. Family law is a significant area of work: solicitors often appear as advocates in matrimonial cases. Solicitors advise businesses on such issues as employment, contracts, company formation and competition policy.
While a single firm might offer a full range of services, increasingly, individual solicitors and firms are specializing in areas of law in which they are experts. This is particularly true of firms dealing with business clients, more often found in the major cities: their specialisms include banking law, entertainment law, corporate and commercial law, construction, trusts, environmental law, insurance, intellectual property, tax, competition, shipping and arbitration.
About 10% of solicitors are employed either by local or central government, or by companies in commerce and industry, who have their own in-house legal departments. A further 1,2000 solicitors are employed full-time by the Crown Prosecution Service, a government agency which prosecutes in criminal cases on behalf of the police. Employed solicitors have equal professional status with those in private practice: they are subject to the same rules and are recognized as fully independent lawyers. They are simply regarded as having agreed to work for one client only, their employer.
The Role of the Law Society
The Law Society has a number of other roles. It represents solicitors in dealings with the Government and other bodies in such areas as promoting law reform and discussing new legislation; it guides solicitors by informing them of developments in law or in practice management, and publishes books, journals and manuals to help them; it promotes the solicitors’ profession and helps consumers of legal services find suitable solicitors. The Law Society supervises the training of solicitors at all stages. In order to fulfill all of its functions the Law Society employs about 650 staff.
Task 16. Read the text and give annotation of it in Ukrainian