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To complete the diagram of the federal court system in the USA at first use the information given in brackets and then from the text.





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The US Federal Court System

(Court of Custom, court in the USA, 3 judges, start and stop at this level, district court decisions, cases about federal laws and constitutional rights, lower, Supreme Court, judge, decisions are final, jury, courts, 94, Courts of Appeals)

III. VOCABULARY STUDY

1. Substitute the words in italics with the words from the text.

1. Federal system of rules that people in a particular country must obeyprotects people from injustice.

2. They filed a formal request to a court asking for a decision to be changed against the judgment.

3. All the judges in a country must serve the justice.

4. The official in control of a court who decides how criminals should be punished specifies the number of years to be spent in prison.

5. All people have the right to a fair legal process in a court of where a judge

examines information to decide if somebody is guilty or not.

6. Mr Brown asked for the careful judicial examination of the decision.

 

2. Find in the text synonyms to the following words and make up your own sentences:

Power, to appoint, body, obligatory, mistake, special.

 

The table below shows relationship between the verb, noun and adjective forms in different word families. Complete the table and make up word combinations using the words from the table.

Verb Noun (thing or concept) Noun (person) Adjective(positive and negative)
  Approval ------------  
------------ Law   lawless
    interpreter  
  Application    
Decide     decisive
Appoint     appointive (US)
    dependant  
  Judgment    
Lead      
    ------------- exclusive

4. Who or what do the pronouns in italics refer to?

1. It is the court of last resort.

2. They serve as long as they obey the law.

3. It has limited original jurisdiction in cases related to foreign diplomats and those in which a state is a party.

4. President appoints them for life with the consent of the Senate.

5. They hear appeals from the district courts.

6. Their decisions may be appealed to the federal courts of appeal.

7. It has federal and state courts.

5. Each of the groups of words can be linked by one other word – a noun or nouns. What are they? Add any other adjectives if you can.

b) original, limited, exclusive, constitutional;

c) civil, criminal, federal, state;

d) district, county, trial, intermediate, police;

e) judicial, wrong, legal, binding.

6. Translate the following into English:

Суд останньої інстанції; право/повноваження судового перегляду; розглядати позови; банкрутство/неспроможність; слухати апеляції; судовий округ; федеральний районний суд; призначати довічно; застосовувати закони; тлумачити закони; податковий суд; суд із питань міжнародної торгівлі; відхиляти закони штату; підпорядкуватися закону; на основі Конституції; правові спори; прецедент, який має обов’язкову силу.

 

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