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Using a bilingual dictionary (from New Headway English Course by John and Liz Soars, OUP)





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a)What are these words? Write noun, verb, adjective, adverb, preposition or past tense.

bread __________ beautiful__________ on ____________

hot ____________ in _______________ came__________

write ___________ never ____________ eat____________

quickly _________ went _____________ letter__________

 

b)These word have more than one meaning. Write two sentences that show different meanings. Use a dictionary.

 

  Sentence 1 Sentence 2
book kind can mean flat play train ring I’m reading a good book. I booked a room at a hotel.

Communicating in English. Introducing yourself. Meeting people

1. Study basic titles, useful phrases and expressions below

Informal
Hello, I’m
Hi/hey
Everyone call me
People call me
My friends call me
I’m…. But call me
You can call me
Less formal
Hello, my name is ….
Please, call me…
Formal
Please, let me introduce myself
May I introduce myself?
Allow me to introduce myself
Excuse me, my name is …

2. Go to http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=h-VKSSd9hko

Watch the video from the website http://twominenglish.com/ “How to introduce yourself in English” . Write out some other phrases that are used while introducing yourself. Add them to the table.

Reading

1. Read the text to find out what factors determine the use of greetings and introductions.

The language of greetings in English depends mainly on the situation the speakers are in and the relationship they have with the people they're talking to. In official situations (business meetings, official receptions, and conferences) such greetings as “Good morning!”, “Good afternoon!”, and “Good evening!” are used. But people who know each other generally say: Hello! (Hul'lo!) .

After the greetings, British people usually say: 'How 'are you?. The answer usually is: ,Fine, 'thank you! And 'how are 'you?. Another possibility is 'Not too , bad I'm 'glad to ,say. When greeting close friends, 'Hi! is quite possible. In fact, "Hi!" is an abbreviation of "hiya" which in turn is a corruption of "How are you?". While common enough as a casual, informal greeting, especially among young people, "Hi" would certainly not be considered correct use in any formal situation. It is better to say "Hello!". As is known, "Hello!" is comparatively recent in its general use, dating back to the invention of the telephone. They say Edison, always impatient with the waste of time or energy, settled on "Hello!".

Remember: the British don't often shake hands when greeting each other. As a matter of fact, they normally shake hands with people when they meet them for the first time or if they meet someone again after a long time. Just as with greetings, the language of introduction is different in different situations too.

In official situations you should use the following expressions:

'Let me intro'duce , Mr . Brown/Kate/ myself, etc.

'May I intro'duce ,Mr ,Brown/Kate/myself, etc.?

The usual response to an introduction is 'How do you 'do? which is in fact a sort of greeting. And in reply the other person says: 'How do you 'do?:

However when introducing friends or people of the same I age you should use the following expressions: This is..., | Meet...:

For example:

Hostess: Helen, meet my friend Kate.

Helen: Hello, Kate. Pleased to meet you.

Kate: Hello, Helen. So am I.

Mind the following:

ü If you have some knowledge of the person you are being introduced to, you may add: "Hello, Kate. I've heard a lot about you".

ü If you have already met Kate at some time, you may say: "How are you, Kate?". In reply Kate may say: "Fine/well/pretty well, thanks. And how are 'you?".

ü Don't forget that men are introduced to women unless they are much older and more senior. Young men are introduced to older men and young girls to older women.

(From Плюхина, З.А. Англичане говорят так. – М. Инфра-М, 1995. – 208 с.)

 

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