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Read the sentences. Three of these sentences are wrong. Find them and say why you have chosen them.





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1. Ukraine has no written constitution.

2. The Constitution of Ukraine was adopted in 1996.

3. The form of state government is a presidential republic.

4. The power in Ukraine belongs to people.

5. The Constitution was confirmed by the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine.

6. The Constitution can be interpreted only by the Constitutional Court.

7. Laws and other normative legal acts must conform to the Constitution of Ukraine.

8. The right to amend the Constitution is vested with the Cabinet of Ministers.

 

Read the text and work over the terms italicized in the text:

Vocabulary Notes:

To promulgate – проголошувати, оприлюднювати

TEXT 2

HISTORY OF CONSTITUTION OF UKRAINE

The Constitution of Ukraine is the main formal document of our country. The adoption(принятие) of a new constitution of Ukraine at the 5th session of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine on June 28, 1996 became an important event in the life of the people of Ukraine. The constitution is the fundamental law of the land: laws and other normative legal acts must conform to it. The right to amend(изменить) the Constitution through a special legislative procedure is vested(возлагается) exclusively with the parliament. The only body that may determine(определяет) whether legislation conforms to it is the Constitutional Court of Ukraine.

The first Constitution of Ukraine was written by betman Philip Orlyk in 1710. Being the first constitution in Europe it was notable(примечательным) for its profound(глубоким) democracy. The experience of Ukrainian people’s republic (1918) played a significant(значительню) role in the constitutional process. Until June 8, 1995, Ukraine’s supreme law was the Constitution of the Ukrainian SSR (adopted in 1978, with numerous later amendments(поправки). Present Constitution was adopted at a dramatic overnight parliamentary session of June 27-28, 1996. The Law No. 254/96-ВР ratifying the Constitution was ceremonially signed and promulgated(подписан и обнародован) in mid-July 1996. However, according to a ruling of the Constitutional Court, current(текущяя) Constitution took force at the moment when the results of the parliamentary vote were announced, i.e., June 28, 1996.

On December 8, 2004, the parliament passed the Law No. 2222-IV amending(измененя) the Constitution. The law was approved with a 90 percent majority (402 ayes(те кто голосовал за, 21 nays(против) and 19 abstentions while for passing it required 300 ayes) simultaneously(одновременно) with other legislative measures(меры) aimed(нацеленные) at resolving(решения) the presidential erection crisis. (кризиса презедентскиз выборов)

Principles of democracy common(общий) to all mankind are embodied in the Constitution which guarantees the basic economic, social, cultural, public and political rights to the citizens of Ukraine.(Принципы демократии общие (общий), чтобы все человечество, закрепленные в Конституции, которая гарантирует основные экономические, социальные, культурные, общественные и политические права граждан Украины) According to the Constitution Ukraine is a sovereign, democratic, social and juridical state. The form of state government is a republic. The head of the state is the President. The power belonging to the people of Ukraine is exercised(осуществляется) through democratic elections(выбоы) by state government bodies and self-government institutions. All citizens have equal(равные) rights. People are proclaimed(провозглашает) the greatest social value in Ukraine. These and other regulations are developed in the chapters of the Constitution.

The best national traditions are embodied in the fundamental law of Ukraine. The Constitution creates the legal bases of regulation of social relations.

 

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