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Activity 19





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a Compare the photograph in Figure 1.18 on page 22 with that in Figure 1.11 on page 11 by describing the two settings.


●What prompts our interest in this tourism issue?

●What is the issue?

●What is at the place in which the tourism issue is

located, and why is it there?

●Where are the human and/or environmental


2 1


TOURISM


         
   
 
   
 
   
 
 


 
 

Figure 1.18 Accommodation, recreation and education facilities for tourists visiting Hidden Valley in the Rocky Mountains, Colorado, United States

(biophysical or built) phenomena of this place located precisely?

• Who uses this place?

• Who is involved in the tourism issue? Who has a self-interest in its outcome?

• How and why has the issue arisen? What con­flicts are involved in the issue?

• When do these events mostly occur there? (State their chronology or sequence.)

• What alternative decisions can be made? What impacts would each one have? Whose interests would be served most by each alternative? Which alternative best serves the interests of the envi­ronment, both biophysical and built? How can the self-interests be balanced democratically to achieve


socially, economically and environmen­tally

responsible outcome?

• How is the issue likely to be resolved? How should the issue be resolved?

• How would you respond? How would you jus­tify this response?

Finding answers to these and other questions is the beginning of a process that leads, through inves­tigation, to decisions being made and action being taken. This is the process that geographers and geog­raphy students have to follow as they decide and act. The key questions listed are related to tourism issues, but similar questions can be posed in a more general way to provide a framework for investigating and making decisions about any issue.

In each chapter of this book, the following eleven 'issues' questions are adapted and repeated in order to guide you through the processes of inquiry, deci­sion making and action.

 


CONFLICTS OVER TOURISM: ISSUES AND OPTIONS


 


Mountain amd alpine tourism - potential conflicts

The most popular tourist destinations are located at sea level, and we will study several of them further on in the book. Just as desirable, if not as frequently visited, are the high-altitude tourist destinations found in the world's mountainous regions. These locations vary greatly, from the Himalayas' jagged, snow-capped peaks, to the verdant green, rounded slopes of Wales's Brecon Beacons, to the dry, bare rockfaces of central Australia's Kata Tjuta domes, of which Mount Olga, at 546 metres, is the tallest - see the photograph in Figure 1.19. Although the locations vary, all attract large and continuous streams of excited and marvel­ling tourists.

Figure 1.19 The Kata Tjuta domes, including Mount Olga, central Australia

Why are mountains so attractive to tourists? What is it about tourists that makes mountains irresistible to them? Table 1.7 on page 24 lists a few of the rea­sons.


Mountains' popularity attracts so many tourists that issues of concern are raised about the negative impact the tourists may have. By examining an issue common to various types of mountain and alpine tourism, in a range of the world's localities, we will discover the importance of posing the issues ques­tions used throughout this book.

What prompts our interest in this issue?

Most mountain tourism locations are reasonably re­mote from dense settlement; the nature of the terrain, the altitude and the climate usually guarantee this. When, therefore, we notice high concentrations of tourist amenities and tourists in these places, this may bring to mind several issues about tourist activities' potential impacts.

What is the issue?

■ - _

Specific mountain or alpine tourist destinations will perhaps give rise to specific issues of potential con­flict between tourism activities and their biophysical, social and aesthetic settings. This introduction to the inquiry process will investigate the broad issue of whether tourism can proceed in this place without damaging the environments that sustain it.

In some cases the impacts may be mostly social; in others the damage may be mainly biophysical; in others again the impact may be degradation of the beauty of the attraction itself.

39

What is at this place, and why is it there?


 

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