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Theme 1. National economy: results and method of their calculation





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Basic terms

Система національних рахунків (СНР) System of National Product and Income Accounts
Національне рахівництво National-income accounting
Повторний рахунок Double counting
Додана вартість Value-added (VA)
Кінцевий продукт Final product
Особисті споживчі витрати Personal consumption expenditures
Валові приватні внутрішні інвестиції Gross private domestic investment
Відрахування на споживання капіталу, амортизація Capital consumption allowances, depreciation
Державні закупівлі Government purchases
Чистий експорт товарів і послуг Net export of goods and services
Валовий внутрішній продукт (ВВП) Gross domestic product (GDP)
Валовий національний доход (ВНД) Gross national income (GNI)
Чисті факторні доходи іноземців Net foreign factor income (NFFI)
Чистий внутрішній продукт Net domestic product (NDP)
Національний доход National income (NI)
Непрямі податки Indirect business taxes (IT)
Особистий доход Personal income (PI)
Трансферти Transfer payment (Tr)
Особистий доход після сплати податків Disposable income (DI)
Індекс споживчих цін Consumer price index (CPI)
Дефлятор ВВП GDP deflator
Індекс цін Леспейреса Laspeyres price index
Індекс цін Пааше Paasche price index
Номінальний і реальний ВВП Nominal and real GDP
ВВП на душу населення GDP per person (per capita)
Тіньова економіка Underground sector of economy

 

Tasks

1. Macroeconomic indicators of country’s economy are known and represented in the table. Calculate missing indicators.

Indicators Variant 1 Variant 2 Variant 3 Variant 4
Personal consumption expenditures
Net private domestic investment
Depreciation    
Gross private domestic investment    
Government purchases  
Exports
Imports  
Net export of goods and services       -9
Foreign factor payment
Foreign factor income  
Net foreign factor income       -12
Wages  
Rent
Interest rate
Corporate profits    
Corporate income taxes  
Dividends  
Retained earnings
Entrepreneurial (proprietors') income
Indirect business taxes
Assignments on social security  
Transfer payments
Government securities interest rate
Personal taxes
Gross domestic product        
Gross national income        
Net domestic product        
Net national product        
National income        
Personal income        
Disposable income        
Personal savings      
Government budget balance     -11  

 

2. Calculate according to available data such indicators: GDP, GNI, NDP, NNP, national income, personal income (by expenditure and income methods); disposable income; personal savings; government budget balance.

Tabl. А

Interest on credit
Assignments on social security
Gross private domestic investment
Foreign factor income
Wages
Corporate profits
Indirect business taxes
Foreign factor payment
Rent
Imports
Corporate income taxes
Exports
Government purchases
Net private domestic investment
Entrepreneurial (proprietors') income
Personal taxes
Transfer payments
Consumption
Dividends
Government securities interest rate

 

Tabl. В

Government purchases
Government securities interest rate
Foreign factor payment
Personal taxes
Rent
Consumption
Depreciation
Dividends
Indirect business taxes
Transfer payments
Imports
Foreign factor income
Interest on capital
Corporate profits
Property income
Exports
Wages
Corporate retained earnings
Net private domestic investment
Assignments on social security

 

Tabl. С

Corporate retained earnings
Interest on credit
Imports
Property incomes
Personal consumption
Net private domestic investment
Capital consumption costs
Government securities interest rate
Personal taxes
Dividends
Wages
Profits from domestic factors in other countries
Transfer payments
Rental payment
Indirect business taxes
Exports
Assignments on social security
Government purchases
Profits from foreign factors in this country
Corporate income taxes

 

3. According to data define: а) the basic year; b) price level change from 1929 to 1933 and from 1933 to 1939 years; c) real GDP.

Year Nominal GDP Deflator Real GDP
 
 
 

 

4. Country economy had such indicators:

Indicators
Interest on credit
Imports
Assignments on social security
Wages in private sector
Dividends
Personal consumption
Capital assets consumption
Net private domestic investment
Rent
Corporate retained earnings
Government purchases
Exports
Civil servants wages
Transfers

 

The physical volume of GDP increased by 3% in 2003 year.

• Define GDP in 2001 and 2003 years. What components do you consider?

• Define GDP deflator in 2003 year.

 

5. Nominal GDP is increasing from 215 to 258 billion dinars, and GDP deflator - from 125 to 150%. What will happen with the real GDP indicator?

6. The price level in the country increased by 60% and GDP at current prices increased by 75%. Find the economy growth rate.

7. GDP was 525 billion francs in 2002, and 580 billion francs in 2003. Define GDP deflator in 2003 if you know that real GDP grew by 5%.

 

8. Amazonia produces only three products: beer, boxes and brushes. According to the table define nominal and real GDP in 2000 and 2002, GDP growth rates, Paasche, Laspeyres and Fisher price indexes in 2002, taking 2000 as the basic year. How has the general price level changed (by Fisher price index?)


 

Goods
P0 Q0 P1 Q1
Beer
Boxes
Brushes

 

9. Nominal GDP was 560 billion dollars in 2002. Nominal GDP is 545 billion dollars in 2003, and GDP deflator – 0,95. Define the rate of economic growth.

10. Nominal GDP is 1600 billion euros in 2003, GDP deflator – 1,1, and the rate of economic growth - 5%. Define real GDP in 2002.

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