Comment on the stylistic value of metaphors used by the author and effect achieved.
1. Her friends began to loosen their tongues about her.
2. She entered heart and soul into details of the enterprise.
3. The concert expired shortly before ten. Mrs Kearney anger began to flutter in her cheek.
4. Mrs Kearney looked searchingly at the oldish face which was screwed into an expression of trustfulness and enthusiasm.
5. I wonder where did they dig her up.
6. The aroma of cigar floated near him. After a swift struggle of tongues Mr Holohan hobbed out in haste.
7. When the strain of the silence had become painful…
8. The noise in the hall died away.
9. She would make Dublin ring.
10. He felt his skin on fire.
4. What effect is produced by the epithets? How do they help to characterise the heroes?
1. Where her ivory manners were much admired.
2. Waiting for some suitor to offer her a brilliant life.
3. He was a little man, with a white vacant face.
4. Mr Duggan was a slender young man with scattered black moustache.
5. An unknown solitary woman walked through the room.
6. They brought a breath of opulence among the company.
7. He was a grey-haired man with a plausible voice.
8. The poor lady sang Killarney in a bodiless gasping voice.
9. When the strain of silence had become painful.
10. She assumed a haughty voice.
5. Define the following expressive means used in the story “A Mother”.
1. Mr Bell ... who was shaking like an aspen.
2. ... the dressing-room was a hive of excitement.
3. I’m a great fellow fol-the-diddle-I do.
4. She stood still like an angry stone image.
5. She called Mr Holohan aside and asked him to tell her, what it meant. Mr Holohan did not know what it meant.
6. The committee was going to move heaven and earth to secure a bumper house on Saturday night.
7. She looked as if she had been resurrected from an old stage wardrobe.
8. … and the few people in the hall grew fewer and fewer she began to regret that she had put herself to any expense for such a concert.
6. Questions and tasks for discussion:
1. Do you think the title suits the story? Give your reasons. Why is the indefinite article used in the title?
2. What characterization is used by James Joyce in the story and why?
3. Give a character sketch of
a) the Kearneys;
b) the artistes;
c) the organizers of the concert.
What is the role of minor characters?
4. Why does the author choose a third-person narration in the story?
5. Do you think the events in the short story are chronologically arranged?
6. Find cases of narration and description. Speak on their role in revealing the time, physical location and characters.
7. Why can’t we call the Kearneys real patriots? What are your ideas of this feeling? Does it have to do with the Irish Revival of the XIX century?
8. What is the proportion of dialogue in the story? Does the author prefer indirect speech?
9. How much is four guineas? Is guinea still in circulation in Great Britain?
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