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Understanding words



Refer back to the text and find synonyms (i.e. words with a similar meaning) for the following words.

1. job (I. 2) ................................

2. comprehended (I. 7)

3. clever (I. 13) ................................

4. cases (I. 25) ................................

5. salary sheet (I. 39) ................................

Now refer back to the text and find antonyms (i.e. words with an opposite meaning) for the following words.

6. basic (/. 5) ...............................

7. exceptional (I. 16) ...............................

8. run well (/. 24) ...............................

9. slowly (/. 33) ...............................

10. employer (7. 39) ................................

Word forms

First choose the appropriate form of the words to complete the sentences. Then check the differences of meaning in your dictionary.

1. repetition, repeat, repetitive, repeatedly, repeating

a. There are some people who............................. arrive late to

class whenever they're working on a program because they forget the time.

b. A computer can do.............................. operations without

getting tired or bored.

c.................................. , which can be a boring and unproductive

task has been eliminated with the use of computers.

d. A computer can............................... the same operation over

and over again accurately without becoming bored or tired.

2. comparison, compare, comparable, comparatively, comparative

a. Renting a computer isn't............................... to owning one.

b. Computers can............................... numbers.


c. There is sometimes very little.............................. to be made

between two different brand-name microcomputers.

d. The difference in price of microcomputers from different
manufacturers can be............................... small.

3. repairs, repaired, repairable, repair

a. When the computer is down it needs to be...............................

b. Electronic equipment often takes a long time to

c................................... to a computer system are often done by the

same company who manufactured the system.

4. accuracy, accurate, accurately

a. A computer is always............................... in its results if well

prepared.

b................................... is one of the advantages of using computers

in research or in statistical analysis.

c. Computers can produce results quickly and.............................

A Content review

Match the words in column A with the appropriate statement in column B.

A B

 1. decision-making a. can solve different types of

operations problems

 2. programmer b. all the equipment needed

input, process and output

 3. general-purpose information

Computers c. those which compare numbers

 4. computer system d. decides what the program is to be.

B Content review

Decide which of the following statements are computer capabilities or limitations. (C or L in each box.)

 1. directed and controlled

 2. must be told what to do

 3. capable of doing repetitive operations

 4. never gets bored or tired

 5. fast and careful

 6. input-output operations are slower

 7. very accurate and dependable

 8. man-made machine

 9. can solve different types of problems

 10. finds a solution after working out all the details

□ 11. can't think for itself

□ 12. producing a payroll is an easy task




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