Мои Конспекты
Главная | Обратная связь

...

Автомобили
Астрономия
Биология
География
Дом и сад
Другие языки
Другое
Информатика
История
Культура
Литература
Логика
Математика
Медицина
Металлургия
Механика
Образование
Охрана труда
Педагогика
Политика
Право
Психология
Религия
Риторика
Социология
Спорт
Строительство
Технология
Туризм
Физика
Философия
Финансы
Химия
Черчение
Экология
Экономика
Электроника

My Mother Country





Помощь в ✍️ написании работы
Поможем с курсовой, контрольной, дипломной, рефератом, отчетом по практике, научно-исследовательской и любой другой работой

Belarus is my mother country. Officially my country is called the Republic of Belarus. After seven decades as a constituent republic of the USSR, Belarus attained its independence in 1991. Being an independent state, Belarus has its Constitution, state emblem, flag and anthem. The Constitution of the Republic of Belarus was adopted on March, 15, 1994; after that it was twice amended – in November, 1996 and in October, 2004.

The Republic of Belarus is situated in the centre of the European continent and occupies a territory of 207,600 square kilometers. It is ranked 13th in Europe in terms of size of territory, and is almost equal to the population of Greece, Sweden, Bulgaria, Belgium or Portugal. The Republic of Belarus borders on Russia, Ukraine, Poland, Lithuania and Latvia. The country is divided into 6 regions (Minsk, Brest, Vitebsk, Mogilev, Gomel, and Grodno regions). Located in the centre of the country, Minsk became the capital of the Belarusian republic in 1919. Its population is about 2 million people (1 885 000).

The population of Belarus is about 10 million people, 68 % of Belarusians are urban, 32% are rural. Belarus is the home land for 123 nationalities, 81.2% of which are Belarusians, 11.4% Russians, 3.94% - Poles, 2.4% - Ukrainians, 0.3% - Jews. Both Belarusian and Russian are state languages in the Republic.

The territory of Belarus is mainly flat and has many marshes. More than one third of the country is covered by forests (the largest are called “pushchas” - Belovezhskaya, Nalibokskaya and Grodnenskaya). The Belovezhskaya Pushcha is famous for its bisons. Fauna is rich there. Different animals inhabit Pushcha, among them are elks and deer, wild boars and wolves, bears and foxes, beavers and even lynxes. One can see a lot of different kinds of birds there. A stork and a bison are the symbols of Belarus.

Nature has also provided Belarus with water resources: there are more than 20,000 rivers and brooks, and about 11,000 lakes. The biggest rivers are the Dnieper, the Nieman, the Sozh, the Vilia, the West Dvina. The largest lake is Lake Naroch.

Besides forests, rivers and lakes, Belarus also possesses some deposits of peat, small quantities of oil and natural gas, granite, dolomitic limestone, chalk, sand, gravel, clay.

The climate of Belarus is moderately continental; it is influenced by moist winds blowing from the Atlantic Ocean. Winters are usually mild and humid; summers are gently warm, rarely - hot.

Belarusian industry plays a major part in our economy. It produces metal-cutting machine tools, tractors, trucks, tyres, earthmovers, motorcycles, televisions, chemical fibers, textiles, radios, refrigerators, fertilizers, fodder harvesters and industrial sewing-machines. The gas stoves "Gefest" and "Belarus" tractors produced in Belarus enjoy high popularity. The republic exports about a thousand good items to about 80 countries of the world; Russia, Ukraine, Poland, Latvia, China, Venezuela, Netherlands, Germany are among the main business partners of Belarus.

Much is done to support and develop agriculture in Belarus; agriculture specializes in grain, potatoes, vegetables, sugar beet, flax, herbs, meat and dairy industry.

The "blue-eyed" Belarus with its moderate climate, picturesque landscapes and historical architectural monuments is a very interesting territory from the tourist point of view.

 

Доверь свою работу ✍️ кандидату наук!
Поможем с курсовой, контрольной, дипломной, рефератом, отчетом по практике, научно-исследовательской и любой другой работой



Поиск по сайту:







©2015-2020 mykonspekts.ru Все права принадлежат авторам размещенных материалов.