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MEDICINES AND HEALTH





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PART I. ILLNESSES AND THEIR SYMPTOMS

Exercise 1. Read and translate the following text. Use a dictionary if necessary.

MEDICINES AND HEALTH

“Medicines are not meant to live on”, an English proverb says. There is no denying the fact; we can only add that good health is better than the best medicine. If your health is good, you are always in a good mood. You have “a sound mind in a sound body”, as an Old Latin saying goes. The English proverb "Sickness in the body brings sickness to the mind, expresses the similar idea, but from the different point of view. The profession of a doctor is one of the most noble, respected and needed in the world, as we turn to a doctor for advice at the hardest moments of our life, when we fall ill or suffer from pain or some disorder in our body and soul.

Taking medicine is an unpleasant thing of course, and if we want to avoid it, we should go in for sport and keep ourselves fit. Physical exercise can be a good pastime, and is necessary for keeping fit and being healthy. Physically inactive people catch a cold more often than those who do plenty of exercise. It is true that good health is better than the best medicine. If you do exercise, you feel refreshed, you have a good posture and that makes you feel better.

Certainly the progress of science is a wonderful thing, and I would like to speak about the achievements of medical science. A hundred years ago there was no medicine for diphtheria, measles, scarlet fever, whooping-cough and other infectious diseases. A lot of people suffered from pain and nobody could help them. But nowadays the situation has changed, and our medicine has succeeded in treating patients for contagious diseases. You can always go and see a doctor, and you are sure he will examine you and give some advice. And if you have to have an operation, he will send you to a hospital where they have all the necessary equipment.

If your teeth need attention, filling or extracting, or if you need false teeth, then you go to the dentist.

If your eyes need attention, you go to the oculist, who will examine them, test your sight to see whether you are suffering from short-sight or long-sight, and will write out a prescription, which you take to an optician, who will make the necessary glasses for you.

There is nothing more unpleasant than being ill. If you are running a temperature, have a splitting headache feel dizzy or cough you go and see a doctor or send for him at once. She or he will come and feel your pulse, take your temperature, listen to your heart, test your lungs, measure your blood pressure, etc. Certainly, he or she will prescribe some medicine which you can get made up at a chemist’s.

There are different types of medicines: pills, tablets, ointments, drops, mustard plasters and many other things.

My last illness was two years ago. It started unexpectedly. Early in the morning I woke up and felt dizzy and feverish. I had a splitting headache and a terrible cough. My nose was running, I was sneezing all the time. I could hardly recognize my own voice. Besides I was running a high temperature. When the doctor came, he asked me to strip to the waist, then sounded my lungs, felt my pulse, examined the throat. I had flu and, luckily, was not to be taken to hospital. The doctor wrote out a prescription and told me to stay in bed to avoid complications; I also had to drink plenty of warm tea and take pills and vitamins to boost my immune system. I followed the doctor’s instructions and in two weeks I fully recovered.

In conclusion I would like to give you some simple tips for staying healthy.

1. Take long walks in the open air as often as you can.

2. Keep your body clean.

3. Keep your teeth clean.

4. Wear clean clothes.

5. Sleep with your window open.

6. Have plenty of fruit and vegetables all the year round; as they say "An apple a day keeps the doctor away.”

 

Exercise 2. Fill in the missing words:

1. Medicines are not meant to live ___.

2. A sound ___ in a sound ___.

3. ___ in the body brings sickness to the ___.

4. Physical exercise can be a good ___, and is necessary for keeping ___ and being healthy.

5. It is ___ that good health is better than the best ___.

6. But ___the situation has changed, and our medicine has succeeded ___ treating patients ___ contagious diseases.

7. Certainly, he or she will prescribe some medicine which you can get made up ___ a chemist’s.

8. When the doctor came, he asked me to ___ to the waist, then ___ my lungs, ___ my pulse, examined the throat.

9. I also had to drink plenty ___ warm tea and take pills and vitamins to ___ my immune system.

10. An ___ a day keeps the doctor ___.

 

Exercise 3.Match the parts of the sentences:

 

1. The profession of a doctor is one of the most noble, respected and needed in the world, a. and you are sure he will examine you and give some advice.
2. A hundred years ago there was no medicine for b. who will make the necessary glasses for you.
3. If your teeth need attention, filling or extracting, or if you need false teeth, c. you have a good posture and that makes you feel better.
4. You can always go and see a doctor, d. and other infectious diseases.
5. He will write out a prescription, which you take to an optician, e. and in two weeks I fully recovered.
6. The doctor wrote out a prescription and told f. me to stay in bed to avoid complications
7. And if you have to have an operation, he will send you to a hospital where g. diphtheria, measles, scarlet fever, whooping-cough and other infectious diseases.
8. I followed the doctor’s instructions h. then you go to the dentist.
9. If you do exercise, you feel refreshed, i. they have all the necessary equipment.
10. A hundred years ago there was no medicine for diphtheria, measles, scarlet fever, whooping-cough j. as we turn to a doctor for advice at the hardest moments of our life, when we fall ill or suffer from pain or some disorder in our body and soul.

Exercise 4. Write five types of questions to the text and then your group-mates have to answer them.

Exercise 5. Retell the text.

NOTES ON SYNONYMS

Synonyms may differ by the degree or intensity of the phenomenon described or by certain additional implications conveyed by their meanings.

E.g. Malady describes a more dangerous illness than disease, sometimes a fatal one, whereas ailment mostly refers to a slight disorder. Malady implies a lasting, sometimes chronic illness, whereas ailment is short and temporary. Illness is the most general word in the group (the synonymic dominant).

ESSENTIAL VOCABULARY

1. ailment/illness/disease/malady/disorder   42. insomnia
2. allergy 43. complications
3. quinsy/tonsillitis 44. severe (intense, violent) pain
4. asthma 45. blood poisoning
5. pneumonia 46. poisoning
6. (the) flu/influenza 47. hypertension
7. diabetes     HOSPITAL
8. diphtheria
9. measles
10. mumps
11. scarlet fever 48. medical aid
12. whooping-cough 49. ambulance
13. typhoid fever 50. policlinic
14. smallpox 51. maternity hospital
15. German measles 52. doctor
16. tuberculosis 53. nurse
17. plague 54. ward, room
18. cholera 55. consulting-room
19. rheumatism 56. patient
20. bronchitis 57. thermometer
21. heart attack 58. high/low/normal temperature
22. giddiness 59. treatment
23. h(a)emorrhage 60. injection/shot
24. bleeding 61. medicine
25. abscess 62. pills
26. headache 63. powders
27. toothache 64. ointment
28. earache 65. sleeping-draughts
29. stomach-ache 66. bandage
30. indigestion 67. antiseptics
31. cold 68. tablets
32. cough 69. cotton
33. sore throat   70. aspirin
34. upset stomach 71. vitamins
35. burn 72. mustard plasters
36. scald 73. to take blood test
37. sunstroke 74. to check blood pressure
38. nausea 75. X-ray
39. injury 76. operation
40. stomach ulcer 77. to through necessary tests
41. to have a running nose 78. to examine a patient

 

 

Exercise 6. THESE WORDS ARE all used to talk about diseases: their symptoms and effects. Tick the ones you understand. Check the others in the dictionary.

1 allergic reaction 5 infectious 9 rash 13 spots

2 blisters 6 inflammation 10 resistance 14 stillbirth

3 cough 7 itchy 11 running nose 15 swell

4 fever 8 malformation 12 sneeze 16 swollen

 

Read the descriptions below and match them to the names of illnesses in the box.

allergic rhinitis coryza infectious parotitis influenza rubella rubeolla varicella pertussis

1. A common illness, the symptoms of which include inflammation of the nasal passages, sneezing, coughing, a running nose and fever.

2. A common infectious viral disease of children, with mild fever, swollen lymph nodes and a rash. It can cause stillbirth or malformation of the unborn baby if it is caught by a mother while she is pregnant.

3. An illness, usually started by a viral infection, whose symptoms include inflammation of the nasal passages, sneezing, coughing, and a running nose. At present there is no cure for it.

4. An infectious disease of children, caused by a herpes virus, and characterised by fever and red spots which turn to itchy blisters.

5. An infectious disease of children where the body is covered with a red rash. It can weaken the body's resistance to other disease, for example bronchitis and ear infections. If caught by an adult it can be very serious.

6. An infectious disease of children, with fever and swellings in the salivary glands, caused by a paramyxovirus.

7. An infectious disease affecting the bronchial tubes. The patient suffers from a severe cough and makes a loud noise when inhaling after a coughing fit.

8. An inflammation in the nose and eyes caused by a reaction to flowers, their pollen and scent.

Exercise 7. Read the following text. Five sentences have been removed from the text. Fill in gaps 1 – 5 with the missing sentences from A – F. There is one extra sentence that will not fill any gap.

ACTIVE VOCABULARY

1. admit smb to a hospital госпіталізовувати
2. auscultation вислуховування, аускультація
3. blood кров
4. blood pressure кров’яний тиск
5. blood sample/test аналіз крові
6. bodily тілесний, фізичний
7. bowels (syn. intestine) кишечник
8. case (syn. patient) випадок, хворий
9. case history/report історія хвороби
10. to fill in (syn. record) a case history заповнювати історію хвороби
11. department відділення
12. emergency department(syn. reception ward) приймальне відділення
13. medical (thera­peutics) department терапевтичне відділення
14. diagnose діагностувати
15. diagnosis діагноз
16. to make a diagnosis ставити діагноз
17. accurate diagnosis точний діагноз
18. final diagnosis остаточний діагноз
19. enema клізма
20. to give enema поставити клізму
21. examination (syn. check­up) огляд, обстеження
22. external зовнішній огляд
23. general examination загальне обстеження
24. examine обстежувати, оглядати
25. feel (~bad, ~well) почуватися (погано, добре)
26. inmate (syn. in-patient) стаціонарний хворий
27. out-patient амбулаторний хворий
28. out-patient department амбулаторія, поліклініка
29. inspection (syn. external examination) зовнішній огляд
30. liver печінка
31. lump пухлина
32. murmur шум
33. nurse медсестра, мед брат
34. percuss простукувати
35. percussion перкусія, простукування
36. pulse пульс
37. pulse rate частота пульсу
38. to feel the pulse прощупувати пульс
39. purgative (syn. laxative) слабительное
40. spleen селезінка
41. take temperature міряти температуру
42. temperature chart температурний листок
43. treat лікувати
44. treatment (syn. management) лікування
45. ulcer виразка
46. gastric ulcer виразка шлунку
47. duodenal ulcer виразка дванадцятипалої кишки
48. urinalysis (syn. urine lest) аналіз сечі
49. vomit рвати
50. ward палата

 

THERAPY

(The text is told on behalf of a medical student)

Inspection, palpation, percussion, auscultation — the unal­terable, ever-applicable tetrad. __1__. You look first, then feel; when you have felt you may tap, but not before; and last of all comes the stethoscope.

They taught us to feel lumps, livers and spleens; how to per­cuss correctly and understand the evasive murmurs transmit­ted through a stethoscope. __2__.

1 began to see how the ward was managed by Sister whom I avoided like a pile of radium. Every bodily function that could be measured — the pulse, the amount of urine, the quantity of vomit, the number of baths — was carefully written down against the patient's name in the treatment book, which reduced the twenty or so humans in the ward to a daily row of figures in her aggressive handwriting.

__3__. One was temperature. The tem­perature charts shone neatly from the foot of the beds, and each showed a precise horizontal zigzag of different ampli­tude. The temperatures were taken by the junior nurses, who used four or five thermometers. However, the figures were looked upon as unimportant, because Sister always substituted figures of her own if the ones of the patient did not fit with her idea of what the temperature of the case ought to be.

The other particular concern of the Sister was the patient's bowels. __4__. The number of occasions was written in a separate square at the foot of the temperature chart. A nought was regarded by Sister as unpleasant, and more than two blank days she took as a personal insult. Treatment was simple. One nought was allowed to pass with­out punishment, but two automatically meant purgative, three — castor oil and four — the supreme penalty of an enema.

We rapidly became accustomed to our position of inferiori­ty to everyone of the ward staff. We did all the medical chars — urine testing, gruel meals in patients with duodenal ulcers, blood samples and a few simple investigations. __5__. It was only at the end of the third month that I realized how ignorant I was.

From Doctor in the House by R. Gordon

A. There were two functions of the physiology in which Sister took special interest.

B. For the first few weeks everything seemed easy.

C. All of us wanted to avoid complications.

D. Whatever part of the patient you examine, whatever disease you suspect, the four motions must be gone through in that order.

E. A nurse was sent round the ward every evening with a special book to ask how many times each inmate had per­formed during the past 24 hours.

F. Diagnosis is simple observation and application of logic in practice.

 

 

NOTES

1. Sister — старша медична сестра

2. to perform — тут. мати стул

3. chars — «черна» робота

4. gruel meals — рідка вівсяна каша

 

Exercise 8. Find the words in the text that match the following definitions:

1. the sound of something being said quietly.
2. to broadcast something, or to send out signals using radio, television, etc.
3. to make something less.
4. to use someone or something instead of another person or thing.
5. drawing which shows information in a simple way, often using lines and curves to show amounts.
6. a rude and offensive remark or action.
7. when something is not as good as another thing, or when someone feels they are not as good as other people.
8. the number 0, nothing.
9. when officials try to discover all the facts about something, especially a crime or an accident.
10. not having enough knowledge, understanding, or information about something.

 

Exercise 9. Write 10 questions to the text covering the main points.

 

Exercise 10. Study the following words and their definitions. Use a bilingual dictionary if necessary. Then fill in the sentences with the missing words from the boxes (part A) and translate the sentences into Ukrainian (Part B) .

Word part of speech Meaning
abnormal adj not normal for the human body
achenoun/verb pain that won't go away
acute adj quick to become severe/bad
allergy noun allergic adj a body's abnormal reaction to certain foods or environmental substances (e.g. causes a rash)
ambulance noun emergency vehicle that rushes people to a hospital
amnesia noun a condition that causes people to lose their memory
amputation noun amputate verb permanent removal of a limb
anaemia noun anaemic adj occurs when the body doesn't have enough red blood cells
antibiotics noun medication that kills bacteria and cures infections
anti-depressant noun medication that helps relieve anxiety and sadness
appointment noun a scheduled meeting with a medical professional
arthritis noun a disease that causes the joints to become swollen and crippled
asthma (attack) noun a condition that causes a blockage of the airway and makes it difficult for a person to breathe
bacteria noun a disease-causing organism
bedsore noun wounds that develop on a patient's body from lying in one place for too long
benign adj not harmful (not cancerous)
biopsy noun removal of human tissue in order to conduct certain medical tests
blood count noun the amount of red and white blood cells a person has
blood donor noun a person who gives blood to a blood bank or other person
blood pressure noun the rate at which blood flows through the body (high/low)
brace noun a device that holds injured body parts in place
breech adj position of an unborn baby in which the feet are down and the head is up
broken adj a bone that is divided in two or more pieces as a result of an injury
bruise noun bruised adj injured body tissue that is visible underneath the skin
Caesarean section, C-section noun procedure that involves removing a baby from its mother through an incision in the woman's lower abdomen
cancer noun disease caused by the uncontrollable growth of cells
cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) noun restoring a person's breath and circulation
cast noun a hard bandage that is wrapped around a broken bone to keep it in place
chapel, chapeline noun a place where loved ones can go to pray for a patient's recovery; a priest who visits patients in the hospital
chemotherapy noun type of treatment used on cancer patients
chickenpox noun a virus commonly contracted by children, characterized by itchy spots all over the body
coroner noun a person who determines the cause of death after a person dies
critical condition noun requiring immediate and constant medical attention
crutches noun objects that people with injured legs or feet use to help them walk
cyst noun a sac in the body-tissue filled with fluid (sometimes diseased)
deaf adj unable to hear
deficiency noun a lack of something necessary for one's health
dehydrated adj in need of water
dementia noun loss of mental capacity
diabetes noun type of disease typically involving insulin deficiency
diagnosis noun medical explanation of an illness or condition
discomfort noun experiencing pain
disease noun a medical disorder that is harmful to a person's health
dislocated adj when a bone is temporarily separated from its joint
emergency noun a medical problem that needs immediate attention
ER (emergency room) noun the hospital room used for treating patients with immediate and life-threatening injuries
external adj on the outside
false negative noun adj a test that incorrectly comes back negative
family history noun medical background of a person's family members
fatal adj causing death
fevernoun feverish adj higher than normal body temperature
flu (influenza) noun many types of respiratory or intestinal infections passed on through a virus
fracture noun fracturedadj broken or cracked bone
germ noun a micro-organism, especially one that causes disease
genetic adj a medical condition or physical feature that is passed on in the family
growth noun a ball of tissue that grows bigger than normal, either on or under the skin
heart attack noun instance in which blood stops pumping through the heart
HIV noun the virus that infects the human T-cells and leads to AIDS
hives noun bumps that appear on the surface of the skin during an allergic reaction
illness noun ill adj general term for any condition that makes a person feel sick for a certain period of time
immune system noun the parts of the body that fight diseases, infections, and viruses
immunization noun immunize verb an injection that protects against a specific disease
incision noun cut in the body made during surgery
inconclusive adj unclear
infant noun young baby
infection noun infected adj diseased area of the body (viral or bacterial)
inflamed adj appearance (red and swollen) of an injured body part
injury noun damage to the body
intensive care unit (ICU) noun section of the hospital where patients get constant attention and doctors rely on specialized equipment
internal adj under the skin, inside the organs
itchy adj feeling discomfort on the skin's surface
IV noun a tube that pumps liquids and medication into a patient's body
lab results noun tests that come back from a laboratory and help doctors make a diagnosis
lab (laboratory) noun place where samples of blood/urine etc. are taken for testing
life support noun a machine that keeps patients alive by helping them breathe
life-threatening adj when injuries and conditions are extremely serious
light-headed adj feeling of dizziness and being off-balance, caused by lack of oxygen in the brain
malignant adj expected to grow and get much worse (especially related to cancerous cells)
medical school (med. school)noun place where someone trains to be a doctor
newborn noun an infant that is less than three months old
numb adj no feeling in a certain body part
OR (operating room) noun the place where major surgeries and operations take place
operation noun operate on verb a medical procedure that involves going inside a person's body in an attempt to fix a problem
pain noun strong discomfort in certain areas of the body
pain killer, pain reliever noun type of medicine that takes away some or all of the discomfort of an illness or injury
paralyzed adj unable to move certain areas of the body
patient noun a person staying in a hospital or medical facility
pharmacist noun a person who fills a doctor's prescription and gives people advice about medication
pharmacy, drugstore noun a place where people go to buy medication and other medical supplies
physician noun doctor
poison noun poisonous adj a substance that is very dangerous if it enters the human body
prenatal adj of the time period leading up to giving birth
prescription noun prescribe verb the correct amount and type of medication needed to cure an illness or relieve symptoms
privacy noun private adj being alone personal (e.g. test results)
radiation noun high energy X-rays that destroy cancer cells
residency resident noun part of a doctor's training that takes place in the hospital; a student working under a doctor
routine check-up noun a doctor's appointment to check a person's general health
scrubs noun plain uniform (usually green, white, or blue) worn by medical professionals
scrub up verb carefully wash hands before and after seeing a patient
second opinion noun input from a second doctor about an illness or symptom
seizure noun sudden violent movements or unconsciousness caused by electrical signal malfunction in the brain
shock noun body not getting enough blood flow
side effects noun other symptoms that might occur as a result of a certain medication or procedure
sore adj painful
spasm noun the uncontrollable tightening of a muscle
specialist noun a doctor that is an expert in a certain kind of medicine
sprain noun/verb an injury (less serious than a break) to a joint (ankle, wrist, knee etc)
stable condition noun a patient is stable if their medical condition is no longer changing rapidly
sting noun/verb sharp, temporary pain
stress noun stressed adj worry that causes muscles to tighten and blood pressure to rise
swelling noun swollen adj ligaments (parts that hold the joints together) growing bigger and rounder after an injury to a joint
symptoms noun pain or physical changes that occur because of an illness or disease
temperature noun amount of heat measured in a body; higher than normal temperature
tender adj painful when touched or used
test results noun medical information that helps doctors understand a patient's condition or body
therapy noun treatment aimed at improving a person's mental or physical condition
transplant noun moving of an organ from one human to another
ultrasound noun a test that examines the body's internal organs and processes using sound waves (often used during pregnancies)
umbilical cord noun the lifeline from the mother to the fetus (when cut at birth this forms the belly button)
unconscious adj alive, but appearing to be asleep and unaware of the surroundings
urine sample noun a small amount of the body's liquid waste that is tested for different medical reasons
vein noun the thin tubes that transport blood around the body and back to the heart
virus noun a dangerous organism that causes the spread of minor and major diseases
visiting hours noun time of day when friends and family are allowed to visit patients in hospital
vomit noun/verb discharge of a person stomach contents through the mouth
ward noun a section of a hospital or health facility where patients stay
wheelchair noun a chair on wheels used for transporting patients from place to place
wound noun wounded adj injury to body ("flesh wound" means not deep)
x-ray noun/verb a photograph of a person's bones and organs

 

Part A: Fill in the gaps with the words from the boxes:

 

abnormal bedsores appointment allergic ache anaemic antibiotics amnesia arthritis acute anti-depressants asthma ambulance amputate bacteria

 

 

1. This amount of weight loss is _____for women your age.

2. I can't sleep because my knees _____in the night.

3. We knew the baby was coming right away because the woman's labour pains were_____.

4. Your son is extremely _____to peanuts.

5. We called the _____when Josh stopped breathing.

6. I can't remember the accident because I had_____+.

7. We had to _____his leg because the infection spread so quickly.

8. I have low energy because I am_____.

9. My throat infection went away after I started the _____.

10. The _____helped me get on with life after Lucy died.

11. I've made you an _____with a specialist in three week's time.

12. My grandmother can't knit anymore because the _____in her hands is so bad.

13. I carry an inhaler when I run because I have_____.

14. To prevent the spread of _____it is important that nurses wash their hands often.

15. If you don't get up and take a walk, you will develop painful_____.

 

brace cancer breech benign CPR broken blood count cast chickenpox biopsy bruised chapel Blood donors Caesarean section chemotherapy

 

16. We thought it was going to be a _____birth, but the baby turned himself around.

17. There are many different options when it comes to treating_____.

18. We're hoping that the tests will show that the lump in your breast is_____.

19. My leg was in a _____for graduation.

20. The _____ruled out a number of illnesses.

21. You will be happy to know that your _____is almost back to normal.

22. It is best to get _____as a child so that you don't get it worse as an adult.

23. _____have to answer questions about their medical history.

24. You will probably always have to wear a _____on your ankle when you jog.

25. We thought it was just a sprain, but it turned out his leg was_____.

26. The woman was badly _____when she came into the emergency room.

27. The baby was so large that we had to perform a_____.

28. If you want a place to pray, the _____ is on the third floor.

29. My mother has already had three rounds of_____.

30. You saved your brother's life by performing_____.

 

Part B. Translate the following sentences:

1. Я вдарився головою об кермо і все ще був непритомний, коли прибула швидка допомога.

2. Я шукаю вену покраще, щоб вштрикнути голку.

3. Вірусом можна заразитися\вірус передається шляхом обміну тілесних рідин.

4. Боюся, що вам доведеться прийти знову у години відвідування.

5. Вагітна жінка не може перестати рвати.

6. Мені слід вас застерегти, що ми заходимо у відділення (палату), де лікуються психічно хворі.

7. Якщо ти сядеш у інвалідне крісло, я спущу тебе подивитися на сад.

8. Поранених солдатів зараз перевозять літаком до лікарні.

9. Лаборант (технік) зробив рентген мого плеча, щоб переконатися, що воно не зламане.

 

WRITING AND SPEAKING

 

Exercise 11. Make a report on one of the most hazardous present-day diseases according to the plan:

1. The name, its etymology and the facts about the origin of the disease.

2. Symptoms.

3. Stages.

4. Ways of treatment

5. Situation in Ukraine (statistics).

 

Prepare a short test/quiz on the subject for your group-mates.

 

 

LISTENING AND SPEAKING

 

Exercise 12. You are going to listen to an item from a radio magazine programme called Worldly Wise. It is about the problem of forgetfulness in modern society.

Listen to the introduction of the programme and discuss the following in small groups.

- Does your lifestyle mean that you have a lot to remember to do each day? What kind of things fill your day?

- In what ways do you think modern society is busier and more stressful than a hundred years ago?

- In what ways do you help yourself remember all that you have to do each day? Or, have you got such a good memory that you don’t have to do anything

 

 

Exercise 13. Listen to the stories of Ellen, Josh and Fiona. Draw the table in your workbook and take notes about the speakers.

 

  What did they forget? What did they do?
Ellen      
Josh      
Fiona      

 

 

Exercise 14.Listen to the rest of the programme and answer the questions.

1. What is Professor Alan Buchan’s job?

2. What is it about some modern day working practices that causes forgetfulness?

3. Why did the lady think that she was going mad?

4. In what ways was her lifestyle stressful?

5. What helped the lady feel more relaxed?

6. Does Professor Alan Buchan advise using a personal computer to help remember things?

7. What does he advise? Why does he advise this?

8. How does the presenter try to be funny at the end of the interview?

 

Exercise 15. What do you think?

Do you think Professor Alan Buchan’s explanation for forgetfulness is true?

Have you got any stories of forgetfulness, either your own or somebody else’s?

 

Exercise 16. Answer the following questions:

1. What do you usually do when you fall ill?

2. Who is treated at policlinics and who is treated at hospitals?

3. What does the doctor do when he comes to examine you?

4. Why must one follow the doctor’s instructions?

5. When do you receive injections?

6. What do you feel when you have the flu?

7. What are the symptoms of tonsillitis, measles, mumps, scarlet fever, etc?

8. Who do you consult when you have a toothache (broken leg, problems with eyes)?

9. Who operates on people?

10. Who looks after the sick at hospitals?

11. How does a sick person look like?

12. What catching diseases do you know?

13. When is one put on a sick leave?

14. What must one do if an accident happens?

15. What do you do to cure a cold (a headache, a toothache, etc.)?

16. How long does it take you to recover from a cold?

17. Are all kinds of complications easily cured?

18. Have you ever been operated on? Was it serious?

 

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