Intonation may be defined as a unity of speech melody or voice pitch (высотатона,звука), sentence stress(accent), voice timbre ['tæmbrə] (тембр) and the tempo of speech. Intonation forms sentences. Each sentence consists of one or more intonation groups.
Method of indicating intonation
A dash(̶ ) represents a stressed syllable pronounced with level(ровный) pitch.
A downward curve ( кривая ) ( ) represents a stressed syllable pronounced with a fall in pitch within that syllable.
An upward curve( ) represents a stressed syllable pronounced with a rise in pitch within that syllable.
A dot ( . ) represents an unstressed syllable.
These signs are written on staves, i.e. between two horizontal (parallel) lines which represent the approximate upper and lower limits of the pitch of the voice. _______________
Two vertical strokes (‖) denote a long pause, which usually occurs at the end of a sentence.
A single vertical stroke ( | ) denotes a short pause inside a sentence.
A vertical wavy line ( ) denotes an extremely short pause.
In unemphatic English speech the first stressed syllable is usually pronounced on the highest (and level) pitch.
The last stressed syllable is pronounced with a fall, if the sentence requires the use of the falling tone (as in a command) or with a rise, if the sentence requires the use of the rising tone (as in a request).
Sit down. [ ΄sɪt daun ‖ ](a command) _____ [΄sɪt daun‖] (a request) _____