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Stage П.В. Прошедшее совершенное время (The Past Perfect Tence).



Past Perfect употребляется для выражения прошедшего действия, которое совершилось до определенного момента I прошлом. Этот момент может быть выражен точным указанием времени с предлогом by. или другим прошедшим действием Past Perfect образуется при помощи вспомогательного глагола to have в Past Indefinite и Participle II. Утвердительные предложения строятся по следующему образцу: Participle II подлежащее + had + смыслового +..... глагола As soon as I had packed my things the taxi came.   Вопросительные и отрицательные предложения в Past I Perfect строятся по той же модели, что и в Present Perfect. Had you finished your work by 6 o'clock? We hadn’t done our homework when ourparents returned home.

 

Past Perfect.

He had finished his work before I came, Had he finished his work before you came? Yes, he had. No, he hadn’t. He had not finished his work before you came.

 

Задание 1 . Найдите предложение, в которых сказуемое выражено глаголами в Past Perfect и переведите.

1) It was my first flight. I had never flown before.­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­___________________________________

2) We’d like to have a party tonight._____________________________________________

3) We arrived at our country house in the evening and found out that somebody had broken into it.__________________________________________________________________

4) When parents came home they saw that their children hadn’t cleaned the flat.
_______________________________________________________________________

5) Tom had just got home when I phoned him.____________________________________

Задание 2. Составьте предложения, используя слова, данные в скобках-.

Не wasn't hungry (I just /have/ lunch)

1. Mary wasn't at home when I arrived (she/just/go out) 2. They come to the cinema late. (The film/already/begin) 3. I invited my brother to dinner last night but he couldn't come {he/go on business urgently). 4. I knew the actor well. (I/ see / him / in / many plays) 5. My mother was busy in the kitchen. (She/not/ cook/ dinner/ yet) 6. Robert was late for lessons. (he/ miss/ the bus)

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Задание 3. Поставьте глаголы в правильную форму. Past Indefinite or Past Perfect,

1. The house was very quiet when I got home everybody __________ (go) to bed. 2. I felt very tired when I got home, so I ___________ (go) to bed at once. 3. Ann ___________ (not, finish) work when Pete got to the office. 4.1________ (finish) my. homework at б and went out for a walk. 5. I ___________ (wash) the dishes, dried them and put them into the cupboard. 6. Pete called me this afternoon and invited me to the cinema, but I couldn't as I____________ (not, wash) the window yet.

Задание 4. Переведите на английский язык

1.Когда я пришел к Виктору, его не было дома. Он ушел на вокзал встречать родителей.2. К концу июня я сдала все экзамены и была свободна. 3. Я работал на заводе до того, как поступил в институт. 4. Он жил в Киеве до того, как приехал в Минск. 5. Когда мы добрались до вокзала, поезд уже ушел. 6. В доме стало тихо, так как дети уснули. 7. Дождь закончился в 6 часов, и мы решили пойти гулять. 8. Когда я проснулся, завтрак был уже готов. 9. Собрание еще не началось, когда мы пришли.

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Задание 5. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Past Simple, Past Continuous и Past Perfect.

1. By eight o'clock yesterday I ______________ (to do) my home-work and at eight I ________________ (to play) the piano. 2. By six o' clock father________________ (to come) home and at six he________________ (to have)dinner. 3. By nine o'clock yesterday grandmother ________________ (to wash) the dishes and at nine she ________________ (to watch) TV. 4. When I ________________ (to meet) Tom, he ________________ (to eat) an ice-cream which he________________ (to buy) at the corner of the street. 5, When father________________ (to come) home, we ________________ (to cook) the mushrooms which we ________________ (to gather) in the wood. 6. When I (________________to see)Ann, she ________________ (to sort) the flowers which she ________________ (to pick) in the field. 7. When I ________________ (to come) home yesterday, I ________________ (to see) that my little brother________________ (to break) my pen and ________________ (to play) with its pieces. 8. When I ________________ (to open) the door of the classroom, I ________________ (to see) that the teacher already ________ (to come) and the pupils________________ (to write) a dictation. 9. When I________________ (to come) home, my sister ________________ (to read) a book which she ________________ (to bring) from the library.

Задание 6. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present Perfect, Past Simple, Past Continuous или Past Perfect

1. He ________ (to come) home late yesterday. 2. She is very glad : she________ (to finish) her composition at last. 3. He________ (to translate) the whole text by eleven o'clock.4. I never ________ (to be) to Rome. 5. Last year we ________ (to work)very much. 6,.When I ________ (to have) breakfast, I went to school. 7. I ________ (not to see) you for ages! I am very glad to see you. 8. When you________ (to see) the "Swan Lake"?9. My sister already________ (to graduate) from the university.10. He repaired the toy which his brother________ (to break)the day before. 11. I________ (to see) an interesting TV programmer this week. 12. You ever ________ (to be) to Trafalgar Square? 13. They ________ (to cook) the whole day yesterday.14. I just ________ (to see) Jack. 15. She________ (to wash) the dishes from five till six. 16. Look! She ________ (to draw) a very nice picture.




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